THE ORIGINS: the houses arose from the need to take shelter and keep the fire.
NEOLITHIC: Agriculture and grazing of animals (cattle) became widespread, giving rise to agrarian societies.
ANCIENT EGYPT (3100 B.C.): The architecture of Ancient Egypt is characterized by the creation of a linteled construction system in its monumental buildings, with the use of ashlars carved into large blocks, and solid columns.
ANCIENT GREECE 1200-146 B.C: The typical building of Greek architecture was generally a cube or a rectangle of limestone cut into large blocks and decorated.
ACHAEMENID ARCHITECTURE 550 B.C.: based on the construction of spectacular cities used for government and housing of citizens.
ROME REPUBLIC AND FIRST EMPIRE 1.100 B.C.: the Etruscans imitated the Greek and Phoenician traditions, built the first works and turned Rome into a city.
SACREDCHINA 507-960 A.C.: Ancient Chinese architecture had its own principles of structure and design, the house was not supported by a single wall.
JAPÓN 300-974: dominated by chinese and asian techniques and styles.
PRE-COLUMBIAN CENTRAL AMERICA 200-1100 A.C.: The mayas, aztecs and incas, but there were also the olmecs, zapotecs, teotihuacans, toltecs, moches and nazca established their own standards and construction styles.
LATE ROMAN EMPIRE 193-327: Roman architecture developed new techniques such as arches and vaults, surpassing the basic Greek concept.
FIRST BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE 313-1050: Roman architecture developed new techniques such as arches and vaults, surpassing the basic Greek concept.
FIRST ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE 622-1258: it is influenced by the energy of a new religion. It is a warlike, masculine architecture that demands submission; the most important mosques reflect a militaristic zeal.
SACRED INDIA954-1260: understood as a sacred way of expression, it gives material form to a religious concept while aspiring to transcend that form.
CALIPHATES AND CATHEDRALS 969-1532: build the most representative buildings of andalusian power.
INDO-ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE 977-1707: characterized by large buildings crowned by large domes, and extensive use of arches.
ROMANESQUE 1010-1192: characterized by the grandeur of its cathedrals, monasteries and castles.
GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE 1135-1356: marked by the verticality, both in the towers and in the very high naves, allowed by the pointed arches and the ribbed vaults, whose weight was displaced by the buttresses to external buttresses, lightening the walls, which host an increasing multiplicity of side chapels.
LATE GOTHIC 1401-1509: Gothic architecture lost its basic role as a unifying force for the arts and became less of a protagonist.
RENAISSANCE1402-1605: incorporation of perspective as an instrument of the architectural project and the notion of design as a form of knowledge.
ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE 1417-1911: numerous structural and decorative elements.
PRE-COMBINATIONAL LATIN AMERICA 1430-1911: They stood out for the construction of great temples, palaces and fortresses.
HIGH RENAISSANCE 1480-1527: denotes the height of the visual arts in the Italian Renaissance.
BAROQUE 1568-1737: aims to give its structures compositional dynamism, instead of the restful Renaissance character.
EL ROCOCÓ1702-1756: reaction against the grandeur, symmetry and strict regulations of the Baroque.
GREGORIAN ARCHITECTURE 1714-1838: represents the return of classical forms.
NEOCLASSICIST 1745-1858: Neoclassicist: reproduces the forms generated by the Greeks and the Romans, suppresses any reference to body measurements, preferring the new metric system adopted by the French and favoring monumentality.